If you have land and are interested in starting a solar farm, it’s doable!
But you need to know a few things first.
Here’s a look at how to get started.
1. What is a solar farm?
A solar farm is a large-scale photovoltaic system (PV system) designed for the supply of merchant power into the electricity grid.
These structures operate like power plants.
They’re decentralized and typically consist of ground-mounted solar arrays installed across large areas.
There are different types of solar farms, which will be discussed more in the next section.
2. What are the different types of solar farms?
There are two main types of solar farms: utility-scale and community solar.
Here’s what you should know about each of them and how they differ.
Utility-scale solar farm
Utility-scale solar farms refer to massive areas of land where solar panels stretch beyond the horizon.
These installations consist of hundreds of thousands of solar panels that absorb energy from the sun, generate an electric current, and distribute that power on high-voltage power lines.
The electricity then travels along those power lines to the electricity grid and eventually finds its way to your home.
Community-scale solar farm
These solar farms are small-scale solar facilities that generate around 5 MW of electricity for a local community of homes and businesses.
Whoever participates in the program shares the power.
Residents may see a reduction in the electricity bill depending on the number of residents and the amount of power produced.
Here’s how a community-scale farm works.
First, solar panels are installed in a large, open area of the neighborhood that receives maximum exposure to sunlight.
Next, solar energy is fed into the larger electricity grid for the region.
Finally, individuals who joined the solar program see their energy bill adjusted for the amount of energy generated in relation to the size of their home.
3. Why start your own solar farm?
Starting your own solar farm is a great use of land.
They help support clean energy goals and create healthier communities with access to affordable energy.
Plus, even if you’re not well-equipped to build or maintain a solar farm yourself, that doesn’t mean you can’t lease out your land for solar farm use.
That’s still a great way to support the planet while making money.
If you have land that’s well equipped for a farm, then do the research and find out how you can lease your land to a third party today!
4. What are the pros of solar farms (and being near them)?
The solar industry is booming right now, and there’s no doubt why.
These are the benefits that solar farmers are seeing:
For humans, living around solar farms can drastically decrease or completely eliminate your energy bill altogether.
This is a tremendous advantage for those that are near farms as the energy from them tends to go to those around them first.
Solar farms are safe and healthy for wildlife.
These farms pose no danger to wildlife through chemicals or electricity in the ground.
Thus, they can safely cohabitate without any concerns.
Solar farms are also one of the best ways to get rid of carbon emissions.
This has a significant impact on the environment and ultimately creates a healthier world for everyone.
Renewable energy source
Solar farms offer a renewable energy source because we are unlikely to run out of sunlight.
This means that the energy harnessed from the sun will always be available for use.
5. What are the cons of solar farms (and being near them)?
Wondering if there’s anything you should know before you invest in solar farming?
It’s not a seamless investment, and there are some things you should keep in mind.
Not aesthetically pleasing
One of the main reasons that people dislike land near solar farms is because it can be a bit of an eyesore.
In fact, people worry that they’ll lower their home value or provide a terrible view outside their window.
As this is a personal preference, it can be a tricky topic to discuss when deciding where to place them in an existing neighborhood or community.
Some people worry that solar farms will come with a bunch of noise like wind turbines.
Fortunately, one great thing about these farms is that they are virtually silent.
The only time you will see any type of maintenance on them is when they need to be repaired.
They’re also silent when operating.
Concerns about too much electricity
While living next to a solar farm isn’t dangerous, there are some concerns that there will be too much electricity and that it could be dangerous to people’s health, functioning electronics, state of their home, etc.
The good news is that there’s no reason to fear living by a solar farm any more than you should fear living anywhere else.
The photovoltaic manufacturing process utilizes toxic chemicals, including hydrochloric acid, sulfuric acid, nitric acid, hydrogen fluoride, 1, 1, 1-trichloroethane, and acetone.
Manufacturers must strictly follow laws and regulations, or these chemicals can introduce significant health risks, particularly to the manufacturing workers.
Creating energy with a solar farm is a water-intensive process.
In the U.S., electricity production accounts for more than 40 percent of all daily freshwater withdrawals.
While water can be reused, having a huge solar farm in a single area can put a strain on the local water resources.
Large utility-scale solar panels can take up significant space and contribute to environmental degradation and habitat loss.
Local flora and fauna, including birds, are likely to be impacted by solar farms.
Plus, unlike wind farms, solar farms aren’t able to share the land they occupy for other uses.
6. How much land does a solar farm need?
A 1 MW solar farm typically needs 6 to 8 acres with all the equipment and space between panel rows.
If you’re purchasing land specifically to start a solar farm, you should buy a plot with at least this much space.
7. How long does it take to build a farm?
Ultimately, how long it takes to build a solar farm will depend on the size of the solar project and the number of people working on it.
The actual building itself can often be completed in only a matter of months.
That said, if you include siting and permitting, the process gets a lot more complicated.
In fact, it can take 3 to 5 years to get all the necessary approvals and contracts completed for a solar farm.
Once the farm is complete and online, you’ll have to maintain it and service it about 3-4 times a year.
8. How much do solar farm leases pay?
As a landowner, you may choose to rent out your solar farm and earn money.
This option is best for those who don’t want to build their own farm but would rather lend out their property to an external solar farm developer.
If this is something you choose to do, you can earn between $250 and $3,000 per acre a year.
The exact amount will depend on what you negotiate and codify in the leasing agreement.
9. How much does solar installation cost per acre?
The cost of installing 1 megawatt (mw) of solar panels will typically run the landowner around 1 million dollars.
However, if solar farms are smaller (and many of them are) then they require less money to install.
For reference, a solar farm typically has around 1 megawatt of land to power about 200 households around the area.
10. How suitable is your land for a farm?
Not all land can accommodate a solar farm.
Land that is suitable for solar farming has many different requirements.
Here’s what you’ll need:
Have flat land that faces south to serve as a sunny platform.
Recognize what may cause shade to the panels in advance.
Look for power lines, access roads, drainage, etc. that can help facilitate your solar panels.
Understand the different regulations and taxes.
Solar farms are just like regular farms in terms of regulations and taxes unless you qualify for any exemptions.
11. How do you remove solar panels?
Believe it or not, one of (if not the) most tedious part of the whole solar panel process is removal.
If you’re deciding to start a solar farm, then you’ll want to put solar panel removal in the contact with the solar company.
That way, you’ve already determined who is responsible for the removal of the panels and the cost of the removal at the end of their life.
Covering the dismantling costs early in the contract will protect the landowner (likely you) from any additional costs that may be associated with the removal process.
12. What do you need to start a farm?
If you’re ready to dive into this business idea, here’s how you can put your plan into action step-by-step.
Do your research
Before you can get started on creating your own solar farm, you’ll need to understand the industry better first.
Got through all of the information above and dive deep into what you don’t understand.
Conducting thorough market research will help you understand a better picture of the reality of developing this type of project.
If you’re getting stumped, Google is your friend!
You can also reach out to experienced professionals in the solar farm industry and keep up with relevant solar news.
Write a business plan
Solar farming is ultimately a business.
Before you move forward, make sure your project has a solid foundation.
It will serve as a blueprint for structuring, running, and maintaining the solar panel farm.
Whenever you’re not sure what to do, your plan can give you clarity.
Make sure your solar farm business plan also includes finances.
Map out the cost to build a solar farm and an approximate return on investment (ROI).
Select and register a business name
In order to become legally recognized, you must register your solar farm with the government.
Choose a suitable name that reflects your solar business and then check to see if the name is available.
You’ll also want to register it as a domain name.
Our suggestion is to keep it short, simple, and SEO-friendly.
Get licenses and permits
To remain legally compliant, you’ll require some licenses and permits.
Keep in mind that every state is different, but here’s a list that will get you started:
- Operating agreement
- Insurance policy
- Land conversion certificate
- Contract labor license
Find suitable land
Ultimately, the efficiency of your solar farm depends on where it’s located.
Location will affect the overall cost of construction as well as the power produced.
All potential farm owners should get to know the area well before purchasing land. (And this is where Gokce Capital can help!)
Be sure to take note of the following factors before moving forward in the purchasing process:
- Proximity to grid infrastructure
- Amount of sunlight
- Quality of soil
- Renewable energy demand
- Solar farmland lease rates (if you want to lend out the property to a third-party solar developer)
Set up the structure
Once you’ve figured out the basics and laid the foundation, now it’s time to start the solar farm.
A successful deployment of the photovoltaic power structures considers the potential challenges of implementations.
The structure is key to ensuring optimum operability and value in the long run.
13. What are the largest solar farms?
The solar industry is rapidly expanding, and solar farms are being built bigger and bigger.
This is due in part to the improved economics of solar energy generation and the desire of governments to switch to renewable energy to help with climate change.
Currently, the largest solar farm in the United States is called the Solar Star in Kern and LA Counties, California.
It’s been the biggest one in the country since its completion in 2015.
Its installed capacity allows it to produce 579 MW of energy, which is enough to power over 250,000 homes (about 142 football fields).
It comprises 1.7 million separate solar panels.
The Solar Star will soon be surpassed by the Gemini Solar Farm.
This is a $1 billion project currently under construction in the Moapa Desert, which is outside Las Vegas.
It will utilize the Nevada sunshine to generate 690 MW of electricity (enough to power 260,000 homes).
Once it’s complete, it will become the largest solar farm in the US.
Are you ready to start a solar farm?
The renewable energy industry is rapidly expanding, and solar power will soon replace fossil fuel power.
Don’t wait to get in on this industry until the booms already happened — start today!
Have any questions?
Let us know in the comments.
Additional ResourcesIf you are looking to buy affordable land, you can check out our Listings page. And before you buy land, make sure you check out Gokce Land Due Diligence Program. If you are looking to sell land, visit our page on how to Sell Your Land.
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Disclaimer: we are not lawyers, accountants or financial advisors and the information in this article is for informational purposes only. This article is based on our own research and experience and we do our best to keep it accurate and up-to-date, but it may contain errors. Please be sure to consult a legal or financial professional before making any investment decisions.