Drilling for water is one of the most convenient options when there is no public water, but it is also expensive.
Nor is it always feasible.
Depending on your property’s location, whether you have water rights or not, and the depth to ground-water, a well may not work for you.
If drilling a well is out of your budget, here are a few options.
The most basic option is to haul your water from the closest public water station or other sources.
With enough portable water jugs and a trailer, you can probably get away with hauling water once a week.
Of course, this option comes with a number of challenges if you are planning to live full-time on your property.
But it could be a good, inexpensive choice for a cabin or recreational lot.
This couple outlines their method for self-hauling water to their RV:
You can also rig a trailer with a larger water tank as shown in the below video:
Just be very careful about the source of your water!
Make sure that the water has been properly filtered and purified, especially if you are using a natural water source.
If you need to purify your water yourself, there are several ways to do it:
This is the old-fashioned method.
Boiling will kill many strains of bacteria, but keep in mind that it is not effective at removing most heavy metal or chemical contaminants.
You can check out the EPA’s website on emergency disinfection of water for more information.
There are a number of water filters on the market now and any number will work.
Just be sure to check which kinds of contaminants your filter will be removing.
Most filters are good at removing certain kinds of contaminants, but not all of them, and you will want one that meets your needs.
You can take a look at the CDC’s website for more information on different kinds of filters.
You will also need to consider which kind of filter will actually work for you.
A pitcher-style filter will likely not cut it if you have to filter all of the water you use.
Likewise, if you don’t have a sink or water pipes installed in your house, faucet or sink-mounted options aren’t going to work.
Fortunately, there are some larger countertop water filtration systems that are a good fit for a dry cabin.
2. Water Haul Services
Another option to get water without a well is having a water haul service fill up your cistern.
This is one of the most convenient options in the absence of public water or a well.
However, you will need to install a cistern or storage tank as well as a method of distributing the water to your home.
This will have an upfront cost that can range from $2,000-$20,000 depending on the nature of your system and whether the tank is underground or aboveground.
Underground tanks are going to be more expensive, but if you are in an area that freezes, you will need to place your tank below the frost line (i.e. underground).
Alternatively, you can place the cistern in your house or other weatherized location.
Most importantly, you will also need to verify that a hauling service is available in your area!
3. Rainwater Harvesting
Another option is to capture rainwater for use on-site.
This kind of system can either be a secondary system or, in some cases, your primary one.
Rainwater harvesting can also be used to supplement municipal water for those interested in conserving resources.
Before considering rainwater harvesting, you should first complete some basic due diligence.
1. Check out any regulations governing rainwater collection systems in your state.
You can use the following map for basic regulations in each state.
2. Determine how much water you can reasonably collect.
First, take a look at the monthly rainfall in your area.
Then use the following formula to estimate how many gallons of water you will be able to collect per month:
Catchment Area (roof size)(square feet) x Monthly Rainfall (inches) x Conversion Factor x Collection Factor
1. Catchment area (roof size) is the size of the roof where rainfall will be collected.
2. Monthly rainfall is the number of inches of rainfall for the month.
3. Collection factor is a factor applied to the total monthly harvesting potential to account for losses in the system. The Texas Manual on Rainwater Harvesting recommends using between 75% and 90% depending on how efficient the rainwater harvesting system is at collecting rainfall.
4. Conversion factor is a factor of 0.62 used to convert inches of rain that fall onto the roof area to total monthly gallons of harvesting potential.
If rainwater harvesting makes sense for you after completing your basic due diligence, check out Texas’ excellent guide on rainwater harvesting systems to plan out yours.
A basic rainwater harvesting system captures rainwater, usually from the roof, and feeds it to a cistern or storage tank.
It filters the water (depending on what you want to use the water for) and pumps it back to your house.
There are many options for the various components of the rainwater system.
What Is the Best Way For You To Get Water Without A Well?
Each of these options can be a great way to get water without a well, but they do come with some complications.
A few questions to ask yourself include:
How much water do I need?
How much money do I want to spend upfront?
How much time do I want to put into collecting water each week?
How important is reliable service?
Is there a water haul service in my area?
Do I get enough rainfall in my area to collect sufficient water to serve my needs?
Will I be able to filter my water properly?
For reliable water service, you may want to try a combination of options since none of the above alternatives will be as dependable as a well or municipal service.
Or you may just want to find a parcel of cheap land that allows you to drill a well!
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Disclaimer: we are not lawyers, accountants or financial advisors and the information in this article is for informational purposes only. This article is based on our own research and experience and we do our best to keep it accurate and up-to-date, but it may contain errors. Please be sure to consult a legal or financial professional before making any investment decisions.